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In-Q-Tel is as hip and forward thinking as, well, you never expect the government to be.

Its mission, "is to identify and invest in cutting-edge technology solutions that serve U.S. national security interests" and that investment usually comes in the substantial amount of one to three million dollars. Supplemental resources include access to In-Q-Tel's network, an in-house technology team, and a group of experienced business personnel. The enterprise is funded by the CIA and runs as a private, non-profit; it has no vested interest in government-specific solutions, but seeks solutions for the challenges facing the intelligence community at large. In-Q-Tel launched in 1999 and has since reviewed over 3,500 proposals, primarily from companies who had never worked with the government before, nor ever planned to. Approximately 40 strategic relationships have developed from the proposals and In-Q-Tel has grown to support a 50-member staff operating venture and technical teams. Key areas of focus for In-Q-Tel are: Knowledge Management, Security and Privacy, Search and Discovery, Distributed Data Collection, and Geospatial Information Services.

Internet Archive

"Libraries exist to preserve society's cultural artifacts and to provide access to them," according to the Internet Archive site.

"If libraries are to continue to foster education and scholarship in this era of digital technology, it's essential for them to extend those functions into the digital world." Thus, the Internet Archive seeks to build a digital library of sites and content in digital form to prevent the "cultural artifacts" of the Internet from falling into obscurity—or worse, disappearing altogether. Just like a traditional library, the Internet Archive is freely available to anyone interested in visiting, but it has some more powerful collaboration partners than your local branch, including the Library of Congress and the Smithsonian. Growing at a rate of 12 terabytes per month, the Internet Archive's Wayback Machine, which houses archived versions of Web sites, currently contains over 300 terabytes of data—more than the amount of text held by the Library of Congress. (

Midgard Project

Back in the late 1990s, Henri Bergius and Jukka Zitting needed a system for publishing material on the Web for their small Finnish history association, Harmaasudet.

Since Harmaasudet did not have the resources to maintain such a vast undertaking independently, they adopted the open-source model and Midgard version 1.0 was officially released in 1999. Thus began the Midgard project, an open-source CMS built on Apache, PHP, and MySQL frameworks. Applications are written using PHP scripting language and interfacing is done using a regular Web browser, which eliminates the need for special tools for developers or authors. "Midgard is the predominant PHP-based, open-source CMS," according to contributing editor Tony Byrne. "It is getting a lot of traction in Europe, though suffers from lack of a critical mass of proponents in North America." Midgard distributes core content using the GNU Library General Public License, under which the software can be distributed freely so long as users can link to new versions of the libraries. Solutions based on Midgard can be used to manage Web content, as well as intranets or extranets. Midgard is designed for developers, while end-users are encouraged to check out Aegir CMS and other Midgard-based content management systems.

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